2 parts: each 200 x 200 cm
Collection Museum Haus Konstruktiv
Donated by the artist
Parcours à angles droits
Vera Molnar (born 1924 in Budapest, Hungary) is regarded as a pioneer of computer art. Developing her works on the basis of Constructivist and Concrete Art, she was especially inspired by Kazimir Malevich, Piet Mondrian, and Josef Albers. As early as the end of the 1950s, the media artist created a kind of imaginary computer, her “Machine imaginaire,” which was based on algorithms that she developed herself. She thus laid the foundations for her artistic engagement with computers. This inspired her to work in series at first. Then she began to use computer programs to develop formal systems and random generators to predefine the syntax of the configurations, lines, and color values of her graphic works and paintings.
Molnar translated her freehand drawings of elementary geometric structures into self-written programming, thereby introducing chance as a key artistic element. Using a computer and based on simple mathematical rules, her series analyze how perceptual processes can be altered through minimal shifts, reorganizing, and variations. Her serial works are based on rigid regularity and are confined to a few shapes and a reduced color palette. The serial arrangement of circles or squares of almost equal size creates linearity, and hence dynamic moments, in the eyes of the beholder by successively rotating, overlapping, or extending the format.
Vera Molnar continues to question the vagueness of programmed systems, the transparency of computer codes, and the aesthetic limits of the formal dimension, even venturing into current software art, which has continued to evolve since 2000 and is becoming increasingly differentiated. Her early works in the 1960s already anticipated the accelerated development of dynamic information systems. Not without humor, the artist also provokes disturbances in the system by introducing a chance factor (“1 % Unordnung” is the title of several of her works). The fragile balance between order and disorder is thus an essential quality expressed in Vera Molnar’s art.
Dominique von Burg